The Papal States also lost much of their former power as the Protestant Reformation divided Europe into two camps. This page was last edited on 7 August , at Under the patronage of the Medici, for example, Florence became the most magnificent and prestigious center of the arts in Italy. Charles entered Naples on [[February 22, and was crowned on May Use mdy dates from March Articles lacking in-text citations from October All articles lacking in-text citations Articles to be expanded from February All articles to be expanded Articles using small message boxes Articles with Italian-language external links. All this led to a new Kingdom of Italy and Italian unification.
Venice captured the Peloponnese during the Great Turkish war , but the land was ceded back after the last of the Venetian-Ottoman Wars. Pope Pius V died on May 1, In Pius renewed the cruzada for five years that brought in , ducats annually. Two were beheaded, and two more were exiled in France; several others had their lands confiscated. On Napoleon's escape and return to France the Hundred Days , he regained Murat's support, but Murat proved unable to convince the Italians to fight for Napoleon with his Proclamation of Rimini and was beaten and killed.
Italy before the Napoleonic invasion In , he also annexed Marche and Tuscany to the Kingdom of Italy. On May 15 the French general then entered Milan, where he was welcomed as a liberator. After both the papacy and the Holy Roman Empire turned their attention away from Italy. Giuseppe Garibaldi July 4, — June 2, was an Italian patriot and soldier of the Risorgimento.
Place and Politics in Modern Italy , Выпуск Views Article Discussion Edit History. List of historic states Citizenship Currency Economy Fashion Genetic Military Music Postage Railway. The Cisalpine Republic was converted into the Italian Republic in , under the presidency of Napoleon. By the 18th century, economic activity dwindled as the city withdrew in on itself and fell into stagnation, becoming easy pickings for the French revolutionary armies in Even if, like the other states created by the invasion, the Cisalpine Republic was just a satellite of France, these satellites sparked a nationalist movement. Text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License ; additional terms may apply.